Tag Archives: Shrikhand

Gudi Padwa: The Maharashtrian New Year

Wishes for Gudi Padwa P.C.: https://goo.gl/A9hxi2

Wishes for Gudi Padwa
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In the hindu lunar calendar, Chaitra is the first month and the first day of it marks the beginning of a New Year for many Indian states. The month begins with a new moon day around March or April, which turns new year for many hindu households. States like Tamil Nadu call this New Year as Chaitrai Vishu or Puthandu while the same is Ugadi in Karnataka or Sansar Padwa in Goa. In case of the state of Maharashtra, this New Year that marks the beginning of spring is referred to as Gudi Padwa.

Gudi Padwa celebrations P.C.: https://goo.gl/ODp3Id

Gudi Padwa celebrations
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An important and significant day of celebration for Maharashtrians, this day involves certain set of rituals and ceremonies that Maharashtrians perform as part of their culture.

Abhyangasnan, or the holy bath

Ingredients of  P.C.: https://goo.gl/vSVcmx

Ingredients of Abhyangasnan
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The Gudi Padwa day usually starts with an extensive oil bath followed by a dip in a nearby river. Though now, the bath happens at home only but necessarily ends with a distinct dress code for both men and women. Men on this day, stick to traditional attire like kurta, pajama and turban. Maharshtrian women wear a nine yard saree tucked to their back, more popular as kastha or nauvari.

Rangoli, or decorating the house

A Gudi Padwa Rangoli P.C.: https://goo.gl/9Dwjzl

A Gudi Padwa Rangoli
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Cleaning the house is important in Gudi Padwa. Cow dung is use to sweep the courtyard, followed by colorful floral decorations by the doorstep. This is called rangoli, and the same is also done in many other hindu festivals. Vermillion, rice powder and turmeric are mandatorily used in this rangoli. In modern times, some add flowers and candles to the same to highlight the decoration.

The Gudi, or the flag hoisting

Women decorating the 'gudi' P.C.: https://goo.gl/9Dwjzl

Women decorating the ‘gudi’
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On Gudi Padwa, every Maharashtrian household hoists an upside down new kalash made of silver, copper or bronze covered in a red, yellow or saffron cloth. The same contains a gathi (a type of sweet), neem leaves, coconuts, mango leaves and marigold flowers that signify a rich harvest. After hoisting it’s positioned to the right side of main entrance of the house so that passerby or neighbours can see it from a distance. Many call this as ‘the flag of Brahma’ (Brahmadhvaj) as on the same day, Lord Brahma is believed to have created the universe. Those who hoist the saffron flag, is believed to commemorate the victories of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.

Puja, or spiritual worship

Yagna being performed P.C.: https://goo.gl/0u3tbF

Yagna being performed
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While offering to Lord Brahma on the day of Gudi Padwa, one necessarily needs to offer davna (a fragrant plant). This is followed by a sacrificial fire called as ‘hom’, ‘havan’ or ‘yagna’. This fire ritual is common in many other hindu celebrations and denotes welcome of wealth, health and perish of evil from the family.

Neem, a part of the prasadam

The neem prasadam P.C.: https://goo.gl/6woD93

The neem prasadam
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No hindu festival is complete without a delicious food chart. In Gudi Padwa, the finger licking dishes are pooran poli, soonth panak, chana and shrikhand. Also, neem is a mandatory in this day’s menu. Tender leaves and flowers of neem is mixed with soaked split gram lentil (dal) or soaked gram, honey, cummin seeds, jaggery and asafoetida to make it a tasty item in the menu.

Indian Cuisines

With diversity in language, geography, ethnicity and climate, the Indian cuisine has also set a variation in the choice of food. This has led to the emergence of various types of cuisines within the geography of Indian sub continent. The popular cuisines of India are- Kashmiri, Punjabi, Gujarati, Goan, Bengali and Andhra.

India P.C.: http://goo.gl/7NawLi

India
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Through the use of similar spices, vegetables and ingredients India creates a combination of aromatic, captivating fragrances and intriguing flavors leading to multiple gastronomic choices within the range of Indian cuisine.

Indian Thali P.C. : http://goo.gl/iRHYo1

Indian Thali
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The food style of Kashmir in extreme north India is referred to as Wazwaan. Wazwan delicacies include rogan joshdaniwal korma (lamb roasted with yoghurt) and Gushtaba (meatballs cooked in a spicy yoghurt gravy).

Mutton Rogan Josh P.C. : http://goo.gl/a4pWYa

Mutton Rogan Josh
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Kahwa’ or green tea serves the desert to wash down the food.

Kahwa P.C. : http://goo.gl/JHxSzp

Kahwa
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Tandoor or grill dominates Punjabi cuisine. Ghee, butter, curd and milk are prominent ingredients of Punjabi cooking.The favourites of Punjabis include Butter Chicken, Naan, Paratha, Makki de roti and Sarson ka Saag. ‘Lassi’ serves a popular drink among Punjabis.

Sarson Ka Saag, Makki de Roti P.C. : http://goo.gl/H3aBVR

Sarson Ka Saag, Makki de Roti
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Gujarat is mostly a vegetarian state.  A typical Gujarati Thali consists of RotliDal or Kadhi(a savory curry made of yoghurt)rice, and Shaak/Sabzi .Gujaratis have a variety of breads. The popular ones are Bajra no rotli, Juvar no Rotli, Puran pohli, Makai no Rotli, Phulka Rotli and Phulka.Gujarati food is usually served with sweets. Their popular sweets include Khaman dhokla, Shrikhand and Doodhpak.

Gujarati Dessert - Shrikhand P.C. : http://goo.gl/2NYv1w

Gujarati Dessert – Shrikhand
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The affinity to beach geographically makes Goa to have more of sea food.Of all spices, the use coconut and kokum dominate the taste of Goa. Goan cuisine is considered incomplete without prawns, crabs, shellfish, lobsters, squid and mussels.

Goanese Prawn P.C. : http://goo.gl/BZ8gp2

Goanese Prawn
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Coming to east India, the culinary scene of Bengal has rice and fish as the staple food. Fresh water fishes like rohu, katla, hilsa and pabda make this cuisine unique. Bengalis have a love for milk products. Their deserts like sandesh, rasogolla, rashamalai and payesh is prepared out of milk and sweet. Luchi, shukto, aloo posto form delicacies of Bengali food.

Begali Hilsa Fish Curry P.C.: http://goo.gl/2UQs79

Begali Hilsa Fish Curry
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In the extreme south, Andhra style food stands away and unique. Andhra food has dominance in the use of tamarind, coconut oil, red chilies and curry leaves. Rice and sambhar forms the staple food of entire South India. In South India, food is traditionally served on banana leaf. This practice is still continued in case of feasts and celebrations.

South Indian Meal P.C. : http://goo.gl/lGNVRj

South Indian Meal
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Modern Indian food lovers are continuing their experiments with these traditional cuisines to broaden the concept of fusion food within Indian cuisine.